Citing Sources

How to cite your sources in MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, or SBL format.


MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

The MLA 8th edition was designed to simplify the process, and help writers accurately and intuitively cite their sources more easily.  Each source type follows the same format.  Books, websites, periodicals, videos, photographs, etc., now use the same standard format. 

Each citation is made up of "core elements" from the source which are place in a standard order. 

The "Core Elements" and their corresponding punctuation marks, include the following in this order:

1. Authors.
2. Title of the source.
3. Title of container,
4. Other contributors,
5. Version,
6. Numbers,
7. Publisher,
8. Publication date,
9. Location.