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Inclusion, Mainstreaming and Differentiated Instruction: Inclusion

What is Inclusion?

The practice of educating all or most children in the same classroom, including children with physical, mental, and developmental disabilities. Inclusion classes often require a special assistant to the classroom teacher.

The 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94-142) made inclusion a controversial topic by requiring a free and appropriate education with related services for each child in the least restrictive environment possible, and an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for each qualifying child. In 1991, the bill was renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the revision broadened the definition of disabilities and added related services.

McBrien, J L, Ronald S. Brandt, and Robert W. Cole. The Language of Learning: A Guide to Education Terms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1997. Internet resource.

Suggested Terms

Narrow/Specific Terms:

More Broad Terms:

Inclusive Education

Exceptional Children


(best not to use "" around words)                                      

Students with disabilities

Individualized instruction

Special Education

Gifted children-- education                              

Reference Sources